NOVEMBER GARDENING CALENDAR
Early in the month, prepare beds for next spring’s early crops; add manure and trench into furrows to receive frost (this will break down and lighten/feed the soil).
Check over which varieties of flowers and vegetables you liked or disliked, which ones did well, and make a note of it. Keep records up to date. Check stores of fruits and vegetables and discard spoiling ones. Clean all your tools, oil wooden handles and replace cracked ones. Drain gas and oil out of lawnmower for winter.
Finish planting garlic, shallots, and Egyptian walking onions.
Have row covers ready for remaining crops in the field; also have covers ready for cold frames. Carefully store row covers before winter; make sure the fabric is dry before folding and storing.
Early in the month, if not done earlier, harvest and store cabbages. To store them, turn them upside down to dry, take off extra leaves and place them in a trench of sand and cover with a wet-proof cover open at both ends to keep them dry. Close the ends of your cover with straw when frosty. Also, to store beets, carrots, parsnips, turnips, salsify for winter: dry and cut tops off. Dig a pit in a dry place if possible. Put down 2 inches of sand, then roots, then more sand, alternating. Then cover with sand again and straw to protect them.
Admit air to cold frames and greenhouse on sunny days; pick off any mildewed or moldy leaves. Force asparagus in hotbeds. Manure outdoor asparagus and rhubarb to 4 inches deep. Weed onions, leeks, spinach, mache, cresses. In frames: when it is cold, cover lettuces, cabbages, etc. Harvest late and frame–grown cabbage, spinach, carrots, peas, cauliflower, lettuce, broccoli, Brussels sprouts.
Finish dividing and replanting perennials before winter freeze-up. Transplant seedling perennials and flowers into flats; keep them in a cold frame or cold greenhouse. Mulch primroses, bleeding hearts, and any marginally hardy perennials with pine or fir branches. Pot up double daisies; keep in frames. Move potted flowers to frames to protect them from heavy rains. Take and root cuttings of Pulsatilla.
Cut back established pansies, collect violet seed, continue to ventilate frames. Prepare pansy and violet beds for planting.
Finish planting bulbs out and plant bulbs to be forced in pots. Weed bulb beds and spread bone meal if not done last month. Put poultry netting over newly planted tulips, crocus and hyacinths to discourage squirrels.
In the greenhouse admit air; the plants will be at rest. Keep foliage dry, do not over water or not at all! If mold appears, dust with sulfur. Plunge pots of border auriculas, primroses and carnations up to the rims into gravel or soil in a frame. Be sure to give air. Cover frames if frosty and cold, letting no sun shine on them when frozen. If you have bulbs, perennials, roses or shrubs growing in pots outside, be sure to sink them up to the rims into soil, sawdust or gravel to protect them from cold over winter.
Weed fruiting shrubs, add manure to raspberry beds. Finish storing apples, pears, etc. Clean all leaves and mummy fruit around trees to prevent disease and discourage insects. Sow seeds of fruit trees and rootstocks. Make hardwood cuttings of Prunus and Vitis cultivars.
TREES, SHRUBS AND ROSES
Finish planting deciduous shrubs and trees. Layer clematis, divide Mahonias; take cuttings of lavender, Forsythia, Rubus and lilacs.